Report on the Community Score Card (CSC) undertaken on health service delivery in Mazimeru village of Nyange Cell/Ngororero
Sector Ngororero District between 19th May-31 August 2011
The Rwanda Civil Society Platform has conducted a research on citizens participation in Imihigo process with a view of assessing levels and factors affecting citizen’s participation in the Imihigo process in order to recommend areas of improvement. A number of issues and challenges have been raised by citizens in relation to their participation in Planning, Implementation and Evaluation of performance contracts (Imihigo).
The Rwanda Civil Society Platform (RCSP) conducted a research on the mapping exercise on child protection programs in Rwanda; with the purpose of assessing child protection policies, programs and interventions in Rwanda so that gaps between child protection processes (policies, legal framework and intervention) and the reality are revealed, with a view to creating awareness and designing a policy engagement strategy with the relevant stakeholders. The research looked at the existing child protection systems and tried to highlight the gaps between the strategic and policy commitments and the reality on the ground
The research was a qualitative study and a variety of methods of participatory approach were used in this study upon different segments of sources of information determined during analysis phase. The research approaches and tools employed included Stakeholder analysis under which stakeholder analysis of all key players in child protection in Rwanda was made which included Government policy maker institutions (Ministries), Civil Society Organizations (NGOs), Government institutions (implementing institution) and intermediaries. Participatory consultations were another tool which ensured meetings and interviews of stakeholder to get their input and views on the child protection in Rwanda.
There was an increase in non-farm employment and a consequence reduction in households’ reliance on agriculture for
their income. Nevertheless by 2010/11 still over half of all households (55.9) relied on agriculture for their survival (Figure 1). Interestingly there was also a decrease in households dependent on non-agricultural income from 34.3 per cent to 27 per cent, driven
by a decline in households dependent on non-farm self-employment, down by 10.8 percentage points.
However, the latter was more than compensated for by the increase in households with diversified incomes, up from 3.3 per cent to 15.2 per cent - suggesting that there has been an increase in opportunities for farm and non-farm waged employment and that the number of households that are able to benefit from having income from more than one source of income has increased.
However, since the adoption of the Rwandan Constitution in 2003 by referendum, the government has been constitutionally bound to promote social welfare
There have been several programs, laws and policies that have been implemented to increase social cohesion. As Rwanda has evolved as a successful post-conflict society, so have the government policies evolved and adapted to remain relevant. The government’s strategy is built generally within the framework of two larger goals: Vision 2020 Umurenge Program (VUP) and the Millennium Development Goals (MDG).
VUP was established to accelerate the reduction of extreme poverty in Rwanda by enabling poor people to share in the growth Rwanda has experienced. It is expected that by reducing depravity in its population, that Rwanda will become a more cohesive society.
There are three core components of VUP: direct transfers, public works and financial services. These elements will be explored more detail in the following chapters. The preliminary findings, however, are showing that these programs are working. Results from the latest Integrated Household Living Conditions Survey (EICV3) carried out in 2010/11 and the Rwandan Demographic and Health Survey (RDHS) in 2010 show that significant progress has been made in reducing extreme poverty and inequality. Poverty has declined from 57 per cent in 2005/6 to 45 per cent in 2010/11 and extreme poverty has fallen from 36 per cent to 24 per cent (Abbott, Rwirahira, et. al 2012).
In 2000, the United Nations (UN) established the Millennium Development Goals during its Millennium Summit. These goals sought to relieve the burden of poverty, disease, inequality and other obstacles to development in the world’s poorest countries. Rwanda, along with all UN countries, was signatory to these goals. It has used the MDGs to inform its other policies and the goals that Rwanda has set have been in line with MDG targets. Rwanda is performing well with MDGs. It has already reached some of its targets and is on track to achieve most of the other MDGs by 2015.
Within this context, the Government of Rwanda has enacted various laws, policies and programs that aim to create a cohesive society. They fall into three main categories: poverty and depravity reduction; empowerment; and social cohesion and inclusion. This report serves to create a resource for information on the Rwandan Government’s policy efforts to increase social integration and cohesion.
This study is the first of its kind in our country. Indeed, despite Rwanda’s impressive progress on both the fight against corruption and the promotion of gender equality, the notion of “gender based corruption” has not attracted enough the legislator’s attention nor had been the subject of any research.
However, assuming the existence of the problem, TR carried out this study which unveils a set of interesting results: these include the prevalence of this form of corruption, the sectors where it is most relevant, the categories of citizens most at risk, as well as the usage of the mechanisms and strategies designed to report and prevent cases of gender-based corruption in Rwandan workplaces.
To read the report study, please download the document here
The survey was conducted on 1179 households/citizens and 149 CSOs selected from 11 districts and from all provinces and Kigali City.
While households were selected randomly, the selection of CSOs relied on both random and non-probabilistic techniques.
Beside the desk research, the study used two types of structured questionnaires, one for citizens and one for CSOs.
To read more on the Civil Society Development Barometer,click on the following link.
This CIVICUS Civil Society Index (CSI) report examines the state of civil society in Rwanda. The report begins with a description of the project approach and the methodology used in conducting the research, which ran from May 2008 to July 2010.
The research methodology examines civil society from the point of view of four dimensions, using both quantitative and qualitative data sources. The qualitative data came from National Advisory Group meetings, regional stakeholder consultations and case studies.
The quantitative data came from primary research generated by questionnaires and interviews with informants.
More details on the Rwanda Development Index, click on the following link
The 2011 year’s Index covers four new countries: Botswana, Malawi, Gambia, and Zambia.
The CSO Sustainability Index for Sub-Saharan Africa complements the long-standing CSO Sustainability Index for Central and Eastern Europe and Eurasia, the fifteenth edition of which was published in June 2012.
Given the increasing prominence of civil society and its role in development, the Index expanded into two new regions in 2011.
The first editions of the CSO Sustainability Index for the Middle East and North Africa and the CSOSustainability Indexes for Afghanistan and Pakistan were published in July 2012, bringing the total number of
countries covered by CSOSI reports to sixty-one.
The CSOSI highlights both advances and setbacks in CSO sector sustainability, and allows for comparisons across countries and sub-regions over time. The Index is a useful source of information for local CSOs, governments, donors, academics, and others to better understand and monitor key aspects of sustainability of the CSO sector.
The 2011 CSO Sustainability Index for Sub-Saharan Africa can be downloaded from here
Investing in social security is empowering people to work towards their self-reliance, making them more productive and contributing to economic development.
However, the availability of social security programmes mostly in developing countries is limited to only individuals working in the formal sector and leaving out the largest part of the population in the informal sector who are most vulnerable and exposed to socio-economic risks.
The impact of this insufficiency largely affects elderly people, children, women and disabled people.
Please download here the study on Social Security in the Informal sector in Rwanda
Transparency International Rwanda (TI-Rw), the civil society organization leading the fight against corruption and promote good governance, has embarked in a three-year project which aims to contribute to accessible, equitable and high-quality primary education through more effective use of resources, focusing on the capitation grant allocated to the 9 Years Basic Education program (9YBE).
Following the first phase of the project, which consisted in a Public Expenditure Tracking Survey (PETS) whose results were presented in 2012, this report presents the outcome of the second phase of the project, a Citizen Report Card (CRC).
For more details on this citizen Report Card, please click on the following link
The Community Score Card (CSC) is a qualitative tool used to monitor and evaluate the service delivery at local level by the communities themselves by generating mechanisms of direct feedback between service providers and users.
In 2011 Transparency International Rwanda (TI-Rw) started a project entitled “Transparency and Accountability in the management of resources allocated to the Nine Years Basic Education (9YBE) programme in Rwanda”.
The project was divided into 3 phases, and today, it’s on its last phase called the Community Score Card. The previous phases were the Public Expenditures tracking survey (PETS) conducted in 2012 and the Citizen report Card conducted in 2013.
The aim is to increase transparency and accountability in the management of resources allocated to the 9YBE programme, particularly the Capitation Grant allocated by the Government of Rwanda to the country’s schools for their operations.
The CSC uses a combined social accountability tools namely the techniques of social audit, community monitoring and citizen report cards.
For more details on the Community Score Card, please download the full report here
This study aims at providing recommendations that will help in the decisions toward poverty reduction through collective and unifying actions that solve problems of people, by people, and with people.
The purpose of this study was to explore the impact of the categorization of Rwandan citizens under ubudehe program on their living conditions.
Methodologically, the study was a household survey that combined both the quantitative and qualitative approaches in data collection and analysis.
The fieldwork was conducted in all provinces of Rwanda, including the City of Kigali whereby five districts and their respective sectors were selected randomly and the sample size was 379.
For more details on the study, click on the following link
The 5th Civil Society Public Policy Dialogue at the Kigali Convention Centre. The Public Policy Dialogue is an annual event organized by the Rwanda Civil Society Platform as a space for discussions on issues facing the society. This year’s theme was: “Analysis of land expropriation and transfer process in Rwanda”.